I am often asked why nursing learning is so darn different from an other profession. Although the short answer is "application," it is really about the nursing ways of knowing.
Barbara Carper (1978) identified four fundamental patterns of knowing that form the conceptual and syntactical structure of nursing knowledge. These four patterns include: personal, empirical, ethical, and aesthetic knowing. Let’s look at how these ways of knowing can assist you in your pursuit of knowledge as a nursing student.